Incidence of Hip Dysplasia in Dogs

A study done by the Orthopedic Foundation of Animals OFA, which analyzed the highest number of cases, found the following results.

We present a summary of the main breeds, the study extended in time from 1974 until 2010 with at least 100 cases per breed analyzed and as many as 147 different breeds.

Notably, the English Bulldog and Pug were the dogs with the highest percentage of dysplasia along with the Boudeaux Dog exceeding 50%, while close behind was the Neapolitan Mastiff and the St. Bernard. On the other hand there were virtually no known cases of dysplasia in Greyhounds.

Bull dog                                    72.6%Silla de ruedas para perros

Pug                                          64.3%

Bourdeaux Dog                         56.3%

Neapolitan Mastiff                     48.1%

St. Bernard                              46.7%

Argentine Dogo                        41.0%

Basset                                     37.8%

Presa Canario                           33.3%

American Bull Dog                     33.0%

French Bull Dog                         31.3%

American Staffordshire               26.0%

Bullmastiff                                 24.4%

Pit Bull                                      23.6%Hip brace for dogs with dysplasia

German Shepherd                      22.4%

Rottweiler                                  20.3%

Golden Retriever                        19.8%

Chow Chow                               19.5%

Mastiff                                      19.4%

English Pastor                            18.6%

Giant Schnauzer                        18.0%

Beagle                                      18.0%

English Setter                            16.3%

Bernese Mountain Dog               16.1%

Akita                                        12.9%

Poodle                                      12.2%

West Highland                           12.1%

Great Dane                               12.0%

Labrador Retriever                     11.9%

Alaskan Malamute                      11.5%

Samoyed                                   11.1%

Boxer                                        11.0%

Border Collie                              10.9%

Pyrenean Mountain                     9.2%

Schznauzer                                8.6%

Pointer                                       8.1%

Bull Terrier                                 6.7%

Cocker Spaniel                            6.5%

Rodesian                                    5.1%

Dalmatian                                   4.6%

Greyhound                                  2.1%

Siberian Husky                            2.0%

Whippet                                      1.4%

Italian Greyhound                        0.0%

 

Information extracted by Ortocanis from the OFA study on the incidence of hip dysplasia in different dog breeds.

You can see all of the statistics from the study in the following table:

Number of evaluations

BreedPos.Evaluation NumberPercentage excellentPercentage dysplasia
BULLDOG15060.272.1
PUG24410.066.0
BORDEAUX DOG34061.056.7
OTTERHOUND43740.351.1
BOERBOEL51104.548.2
NEAPOLITAN MASTIFF61552.647.7
ST. BERNARD721124.146.8
CLUMBER SPANIEL88643.044.8
BLACK RUSSIAN TERRIER94353.743.4
SUSSEX SPANIEL102581.641.5
ARGENTINE DOGO111933.140.9
CANE CORSO126876.740.0
BASSET HOUND131980.037.4
BOYKIN SPANIEL1428902.133.7
PRESA CANARIO151803.933.3
NORFOLK TERRIER162740.033.2
AMERICAN BULLDOG1717334.933.2
GLEN OF IMAAL TERRIER181450.731.0
FRENCH BULLDOG199311.330.4
BRAZILIAN FILA205987.529.9
AMERICAN STAFFORDSHIRE TERRIER2128602.426.0
BLOODHOUND2227682.825.7
NEWFOUNDLAND23146888.325.2
BULLMASTIFF2453693.924.4
MAINE COON CAT2510734.224.3
AMERICAN PIT BULL TERRIER267335.624.1
LOUISIANA CATAHOULA LEOPARD2753111.722.0
ENGLISH SHEPHERD2832210.622.0
CHESAPEAKE BAY RETRIEVER291235612.320.6
ROTTWEILER30922358.320.3
CARDIGAN WELSH CORGI3117593.219.7
GOLDEN RETRIEVER321303044.119.7
NORWEGIAN ELKHOUND3337567.219.6
CHOW CHOW3452187.219.5
PYRENEAN SHEPHERD351082.819.4
MASTIFF36105057.919.3
SHIH TZU376152.019.3
GORDON SETTER3859478.819.3
HYBRID3911728.319.3
GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG401027503.919.0
GREATER SWISS MOUNTAIN DOG41250012.918.9
PEMBROKE WELSH CORGI42106363.218.6
OLD ENGLISH SHEEPDOG431051511.718.5
KUVASZ44171313.718.1
CHINOOK455819.318.1
FIELD SPANIEL469648.218.0
SHILOH SHEPHERD477019.018.0
BEAGLE488552.618.0
GIANT SCHNAUZER4942669.717.9
STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER505522.017.8
EPAGNEUL BRETON511211.717.4
WELSH TERRIER521045.817.3
SHEEPDOG5319711.716.8
ENGLISH SETTER541014510.416.1
ENTLEBUCHER552934.416.0
BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG561654413.615.9
AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG5733344.415.6
SPINONE ITALIANO58112018.015.5
LABRADOODLE591499.415.4
POLISH LOWLAND SHEEPDOG604648.215.3
CURLY-COATED RETRIEVER6111228.315.3
AFFENPINSCHER622744.015.3
BOUVIER DES FLANDRES6379596.115.0
BRITTANY64176738.714.6
BLACK AND TAN COONHOUND6567810.314.5
BRIARD66233813.214.2
HARRIER673189.114.2
LEONBERGER68157420.214.0
TIBETAN MASTIFF698627.513.9
BEAUCERON7034914.313.8
HAVANA SILK DOG711832.213.7
NORWICH TERRIER726937.113.4
CHINESE SHAR-PEI7394709.113.3
ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL74143098.613.0
PORTUGUESE WATER DOG75746814.012.8
AKITA761594918.912.8
PUDELPOINTER7739014.912.6
FINNISH LAPPHUND7814411.112.5
CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL7958964.212.4
KOMONDOR8096012.212.2
POODLE812188111.712.2
WEST HIGHLAND WHITE TERRIER822643.412.1
BOSTON TERRIER831826.012.1
GREAT DANE841207111.612.0
IRISH SETTER85110759.112.0
IRISH WATER SPANIEL86125017.311.9
LABRADOR RETRIEVER8722107718.111.8
SMOOTH FOX TERRIER883178.811.7
WELSH SPRINGER SPANIEL89189315.211.7
AIREDALE TERRIER9057577.311.5
ALASKAN MALAMUTE911360516.811.4
PETIT BASSET GRIFFONS VENDEEN926774.111.4
SAMOYED931559010.411.0
BOXER9452213.410.9
WIREHAIRED VIZSLA9510110.910.9
BORDER COLLIE961035312.910.8
ANATOLIAN SHEPHERD97171418.110.3
PULl98171716.310.1
HAVANESE9927769.110.0
SMALL MUNSTERLANDER10013412.79.7
AKBASH DOG10153723.89.7
AMERICAN ESKIMO DOG1029908.69.3
AUSTRALIAN KELPIE1031199.29.2
GREAT PYRENEES104574914.09.2
COTON DE TULEAR1056409.29.2
GERMAN POINTER WIREHAIRED106395916.59.1
NORWEGIAN BUHUND1071768.09.1
MINIATURE AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD108113116.98.7
SWEDISH VALLHUND1091855.98.6
WEIMARANER1101173321.18.5
STANDARD SCHNAUZER11140738.18.5
TIBETAN SPANIEL1123196.68.2
POINTER113150113.78.1
POINTING GRIFFON WIREHAIRED114191420.58.0
FRENCH SPANIEL11516718.67.8
AMERICAN WATER SPANIEL11673610.17.7
VIZSLA1171303216.57.1
BICHON FRISE118336411.46.9
DUTCH SHEPHERD11919018.46.8
BULL TERRIER12010511.46.7
NOVA SCOTIA DUCKTOLLING RET.121168317.86.4
COCKER SPANIEL1221257510.86.4
LHASA APSO12381214.56.4
KEESHOND12445379.16.3
DOBERMAN PINSCHER1251492217.96.1
HOVAWART12613122.96.1
BEARDED COLLIE127435616.36.1
FINNISH SPITZ12832116.85.9
SCHIPPERKE12942610.35.9
TIBETAN TERRIER130383630.65.8
AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD1313051016.45.8
AFGHAN HOUND132659329.75.7
KERRY BLUE TERRIER133150213.25.7
SHIBA INU134289218.45.6
ENGLISH COCKER SPANIEL135668118.75.6
BELGIAN MALINOIS136248018.45.4
NORTH AMERICAN SHEPHERD13733616.75.1
IRISH WOLFHOUND138169526.75.0
RHODESIAN RIDGEBACK1391067221.85.0
SOFT COATED WHEATEN TERRIER140581716.94.8
SHETLAND SHEEPDOG1411907927.54.6
DALMATIAN142327310.54.5
FLAT-COATED RETRIEVER143524219.54.2
GERMAN SHORTHAIRED POINTER1441508425.84.2
IRISH RED & WHITE SETTER14519729.44.1
BORDER TERRIER146245320.43.8
PARSON RUSSELL TERRIER14710924.83.7
BELGIAN TERVUREN148566425.93.5
BASENJI149244823.13.4
RAT TERRIER15042114.03.3
BELGIAN SHEEPDOG151388632.72.9
COLLIE152282529.92.8
IBIZAN HOUND15332235.72.8
PHARAOH HOUND15444415.52.7
AUSTRALIAN TERRIER1551795.62.2
CANAAN15642317.32.1
GREYHOUND15734335.62.0
SIBERIAN HUSKY1581691533.72.0
TOY AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD15910028.02.0
BORZOI16084631.01.8
SALUKI16126142.51.5
WHIPPET16215438.31.3
GERMAN PINSCHER16333121.81.2
ITALIAN GREYHOUND16421159.20.0

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