Incidence of Hip Dysplasia in Dogs

A study done by the Orthopedic Foundation of Animals OFA, which analyzed the highest number of cases, found the following results.

We present a summary of the main breeds, the study extended in time from 1974 until 2010 with at least 100 cases per breed analyzed and as many as 147 different breeds.

Notably, the English Bulldog and Pug were the dogs with the highest percentage of dysplasia along with the Boudeaux Dog exceeding 50%, while close behind was the Neapolitan Mastiff and the St. Bernard. On the other hand there were virtually no known cases of dysplasia in Greyhounds.

Bull dog                                    72.6%Silla de ruedas para perros

Pug                                          64.3%

Bourdeaux Dog                         56.3%

Neapolitan Mastiff                     48.1%

St. Bernard                              46.7%

Argentine Dogo                        41.0%

Basset                                     37.8%

Presa Canario                           33.3%

American Bull Dog                     33.0%

French Bull Dog                         31.3%

American Staffordshire               26.0%

Bullmastiff                                 24.4%

Pit Bull                                      23.6%Hip brace for dogs with dysplasia

German Shepherd                      22.4%

Rottweiler                                  20.3%

Golden Retriever                        19.8%

Chow Chow                               19.5%

Mastiff                                      19.4%

English Pastor                            18.6%

Giant Schnauzer                        18.0%

Beagle                                      18.0%

English Setter                            16.3%

Bernese Mountain Dog               16.1%

Akita                                        12.9%

Poodle                                      12.2%

West Highland                           12.1%

Great Dane                               12.0%

Labrador Retriever                     11.9%

Alaskan Malamute                      11.5%

Samoyed                                   11.1%

Boxer                                        11.0%

Border Collie                              10.9%

Pyrenean Mountain                     9.2%

Schznauzer                                8.6%

Pointer                                       8.1%

Bull Terrier                                 6.7%

Cocker Spaniel                            6.5%

Rodesian                                    5.1%

Dalmatian                                   4.6%

Greyhound                                  2.1%

Siberian Husky                            2.0%

Whippet                                      1.4%

Italian Greyhound                        0.0%

 

Information extracted by Ortocanis from the OFA study on the incidence of hip dysplasia in different dog breeds.

You can see all of the statistics from the study in the following table:

Number of evaluations

BreedPos.Evaluation NumberPercentage excellentPercentage dysplasia
BULLDOG 1 506 0.2 72.1
PUG 2 441 0.0 66.0
BORDEAUX DOG 3 406 1.0 56.7
OTTERHOUND 4 374 0.3 51.1
BOERBOEL 5 110 4.5 48.2
NEAPOLITAN MASTIFF 6 155 2.6 47.7
ST. BERNARD 7 2112 4.1 46.8
CLUMBER SPANIEL 8 864 3.0 44.8
BLACK RUSSIAN TERRIER 9 435 3.7 43.4
SUSSEX SPANIEL 10 258 1.6 41.5
ARGENTINE DOGO 11 193 3.1 40.9
CANE CORSO 12 687 6.7 40.0
BASSET HOUND 13 198 0.0 37.4
BOYKIN SPANIEL 14 2890 2.1 33.7
PRESA CANARIO 15 180 3.9 33.3
NORFOLK TERRIER 16 274 0.0 33.2
AMERICAN BULLDOG 17 1733 4.9 33.2
GLEN OF IMAAL TERRIER 18 145 0.7 31.0
FRENCH BULLDOG 19 931 1.3 30.4
BRAZILIAN FILA 20 598 7.5 29.9
AMERICAN STAFFORDSHIRE TERRIER 21 2860 2.4 26.0
BLOODHOUND 22 2768 2.8 25.7
NEWFOUNDLAND 23 14688 8.3 25.2
BULLMASTIFF 24 5369 3.9 24.4
MAINE COON CAT 25 1073 4.2 24.3
AMERICAN PIT BULL TERRIER 26 733 5.6 24.1
LOUISIANA CATAHOULA LEOPARD 27 531 11.7 22.0
ENGLISH SHEPHERD 28 322 10.6 22.0
CHESAPEAKE BAY RETRIEVER 29 12356 12.3 20.6
ROTTWEILER 30 92235 8.3 20.3
CARDIGAN WELSH CORGI 31 1759 3.2 19.7
GOLDEN RETRIEVER 32 130304 4.1 19.7
NORWEGIAN ELKHOUND 33 3756 7.2 19.6
CHOW CHOW 34 5218 7.2 19.5
PYRENEAN SHEPHERD 35 108 2.8 19.4
MASTIFF 36 10505 7.9 19.3
SHIH TZU 37 615 2.0 19.3
GORDON SETTER 38 5947 8.8 19.3
HYBRID 39 1172 8.3 19.3
GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG 40 102750 3.9 19.0
GREATER SWISS MOUNTAIN DOG 41 2500 12.9 18.9
PEMBROKE WELSH CORGI 42 10636 3.2 18.6
OLD ENGLISH SHEEPDOG 43 10515 11.7 18.5
KUVASZ 44 1713 13.7 18.1
CHINOOK 45 581 9.3 18.1
FIELD SPANIEL 46 964 8.2 18.0
SHILOH SHEPHERD 47 701 9.0 18.0
BEAGLE 48 855 2.6 18.0
GIANT SCHNAUZER 49 4266 9.7 17.9
STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER 50 552 2.0 17.8
EPAGNEUL BRETON 51 121 1.7 17.4
WELSH TERRIER 52 104 5.8 17.3
SHEEPDOG 53 197 11.7 16.8
ENGLISH SETTER 54 10145 10.4 16.1
ENTLEBUCHER 55 293 4.4 16.0
BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG 56 16544 13.6 15.9
AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG 57 3334 4.4 15.6
SPINONE ITALIANO 58 1120 18.0 15.5
LABRADOODLE 59 149 9.4 15.4
POLISH LOWLAND SHEEPDOG 60 464 8.2 15.3
CURLY-COATED RETRIEVER 61 1122 8.3 15.3
AFFENPINSCHER 62 274 4.0 15.3
BOUVIER DES FLANDRES 63 7959 6.1 15.0
BRITTANY 64 17673 8.7 14.6
BLACK AND TAN COONHOUND 65 678 10.3 14.5
BRIARD 66 2338 13.2 14.2
HARRIER 67 318 9.1 14.2
LEONBERGER 68 1574 20.2 14.0
TIBETAN MASTIFF 69 862 7.5 13.9
BEAUCERON 70 349 14.3 13.8
HAVANA SILK DOG 71 183 2.2 13.7
NORWICH TERRIER 72 693 7.1 13.4
CHINESE SHAR-PEI 73 9470 9.1 13.3
ENGLISH SPRINGER SPANIEL 74 14309 8.6 13.0
PORTUGUESE WATER DOG 75 7468 14.0 12.8
AKITA 76 15949 18.9 12.8
PUDELPOINTER 77 390 14.9 12.6
FINNISH LAPPHUND 78 144 11.1 12.5
CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL 79 5896 4.2 12.4
KOMONDOR 80 960 12.2 12.2
POODLE 81 21881 11.7 12.2
WEST HIGHLAND WHITE TERRIER 82 264 3.4 12.1
BOSTON TERRIER 83 182 6.0 12.1
GREAT DANE 84 12071 11.6 12.0
IRISH SETTER 85 11075 9.1 12.0
IRISH WATER SPANIEL 86 1250 17.3 11.9
LABRADOR RETRIEVER 87 221077 18.1 11.8
SMOOTH FOX TERRIER 88 317 8.8 11.7
WELSH SPRINGER SPANIEL 89 1893 15.2 11.7
AIREDALE TERRIER 90 5757 7.3 11.5
ALASKAN MALAMUTE 91 13605 16.8 11.4
PETIT BASSET GRIFFONS VENDEEN 92 677 4.1 11.4
SAMOYED 93 15590 10.4 11.0
BOXER 94 5221 3.4 10.9
WIREHAIRED VIZSLA 95 101 10.9 10.9
BORDER COLLIE 96 10353 12.9 10.8
ANATOLIAN SHEPHERD 97 1714 18.1 10.3
PULl 98 1717 16.3 10.1
HAVANESE 99 2776 9.1 10.0
SMALL MUNSTERLANDER 100 134 12.7 9.7
AKBASH DOG 101 537 23.8 9.7
AMERICAN ESKIMO DOG 102 990 8.6 9.3
AUSTRALIAN KELPIE 103 119 9.2 9.2
GREAT PYRENEES 104 5749 14.0 9.2
COTON DE TULEAR 105 640 9.2 9.2
GERMAN POINTER WIREHAIRED 106 3959 16.5 9.1
NORWEGIAN BUHUND 107 176 8.0 9.1
MINIATURE AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD 108 1131 16.9 8.7
SWEDISH VALLHUND 109 185 5.9 8.6
WEIMARANER 110 11733 21.1 8.5
STANDARD SCHNAUZER 111 4073 8.1 8.5
TIBETAN SPANIEL 112 319 6.6 8.2
POINTER 113 1501 13.7 8.1
POINTING GRIFFON WIREHAIRED 114 1914 20.5 8.0
FRENCH SPANIEL 115 167 18.6 7.8
AMERICAN WATER SPANIEL 116 736 10.1 7.7
VIZSLA 117 13032 16.5 7.1
BICHON FRISE 118 3364 11.4 6.9
DUTCH SHEPHERD 119 190 18.4 6.8
BULL TERRIER 120 105 11.4 6.7
NOVA SCOTIA DUCKTOLLING RET. 121 1683 17.8 6.4
COCKER SPANIEL 122 12575 10.8 6.4
LHASA APSO 123 812 14.5 6.4
KEESHOND 124 4537 9.1 6.3
DOBERMAN PINSCHER 125 14922 17.9 6.1
HOVAWART 126 131 22.9 6.1
BEARDED COLLIE 127 4356 16.3 6.1
FINNISH SPITZ 128 321 16.8 5.9
SCHIPPERKE 129 426 10.3 5.9
TIBETAN TERRIER 130 3836 30.6 5.8
AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD 131 30510 16.4 5.8
AFGHAN HOUND 132 6593 29.7 5.7
KERRY BLUE TERRIER 133 1502 13.2 5.7
SHIBA INU 134 2892 18.4 5.6
ENGLISH COCKER SPANIEL 135 6681 18.7 5.6
BELGIAN MALINOIS 136 2480 18.4 5.4
NORTH AMERICAN SHEPHERD 137 336 16.7 5.1
IRISH WOLFHOUND 138 1695 26.7 5.0
RHODESIAN RIDGEBACK 139 10672 21.8 5.0
SOFT COATED WHEATEN TERRIER 140 5817 16.9 4.8
SHETLAND SHEEPDOG 141 19079 27.5 4.6
DALMATIAN 142 3273 10.5 4.5
FLAT-COATED RETRIEVER 143 5242 19.5 4.2
GERMAN SHORTHAIRED POINTER 144 15084 25.8 4.2
IRISH RED & WHITE SETTER 145 197 29.4 4.1
BORDER TERRIER 146 2453 20.4 3.8
PARSON RUSSELL TERRIER 147 109 24.8 3.7
BELGIAN TERVUREN 148 5664 25.9 3.5
BASENJI 149 2448 23.1 3.4
RAT TERRIER 150 421 14.0 3.3
BELGIAN SHEEPDOG 151 3886 32.7 2.9
COLLIE 152 2825 29.9 2.8
IBIZAN HOUND 153 322 35.7 2.8
PHARAOH HOUND 154 444 15.5 2.7
AUSTRALIAN TERRIER 155 179 5.6 2.2
CANAAN 156 423 17.3 2.1
GREYHOUND 157 343 35.6 2.0
SIBERIAN HUSKY 158 16915 33.7 2.0
TOY AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD 159 100 28.0 2.0
BORZOI 160 846 31.0 1.8
SALUKI 161 261 42.5 1.5
WHIPPET 162 154 38.3 1.3
GERMAN PINSCHER 163 331 21.8 1.2
ITALIAN GREYHOUND 164 211 59.2 0.0

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